In an effort to bring the best command line experiences to the forefront for all power users, PowerShell is now the defacto command shell from File Explorer.
Command Prompt (or “cmd.exe”) has been replaced with PowerShell in these locations. PowerShell has more features than Command Prompt, including easy automation of administration tasks across multiple operating systems.
If you’d prefer to keep using Command Prompt, you can still access it from your Windows Utilities folder. Or, you can change your defaults by going to: Start > Settings > Personalization > Taskbar and changing the setting that says “Replace Command Prompt with Windows PowerShell in the menu when I right-click the Start button or press Windows key+X.”
What is Windows PowerShell
Windows PowerShell is a task-based command-line shell and scripting language designed especially for system administration. Built on the .NET Framework, Windows PowerShell helps IT professionals and power users control and automate the administration of the Windows operating system and applications that run on Windows.
Built-in Windows PowerShell commands, called cmdlets, let you manage the computers in your enterprise from the command line. Windows PowerShell providers let you access data stores, such as the registry and certificate store, as easily as you access the file system. In addition, Windows PowerShell has a rich expression parser and a fully developed scripting language.
Windows PowerShell includes the following features:
- 129 standard cmdlets for performing common system administration tasks, such as managing the registry, services, processes, and event logs, and using Windows Management Instrumentation.
- A task-based scripting language and support for existing scripts and command-line tools.
- Consistent design. Because Windows PowerShell cmdlets and system data stores use common syntax and naming conventions, data can be shared easily and the output from one cmdlet can be used as the input to another cmdlet without reformatting or manipulation.
- Simplified, command-based navigation of the operating system, which lets users navigate the registry and other data stores by using the same techniques that they use to navigate the file system.
- Powerful object manipulation capabilities. Objects can be directly manipulated or sent to other tools or databases.
- Extensible interface. Independent software vendors and enterprise developers can build custom tools and utilities to administer their software.
For more information, see the Windows blog post on the topic here.
For an overview of PowerShell, see this page.